Q. Fang, F. Zhao, and L. Guibas, Lightweight Sensing and Communication Protocols for Target Enumeration and Aggregation, the 4th ACM International Symposium on Mobile Ad Hoc Networking & Computing (MobiHoc), 2003, pp. 165-176.
The development of lightweight sensing and communication protocols is a key requirement for designing resource constrained sensor networks. This paper introduces a set of efficient protocols and algorithms, DAM, EBAM, and EMLAM, for constructing and maintaining sensor aggregates that collectively monitor target activity in the environment. A sensor aggregate comprises those nodes in a network that satisfy a grouping predicate for a collaborative processing task. The parameters of the predicate depend on the task and its resource requirements. Since the foremost purpose of a sensor network is to selectively gather information about the environment, the formation of appropriate sensor aggregates is crucial for optimally allocating resources to sensing and communication tasks.
This paper makes minimal assumptions about node onboard processing and communication capabilities so as to allow possible implementations on resource-constrained hardware. Factors affecting protocol performance are discussed. The paper presents simulation results showing how the protocol performance varies as key network and task parameters are varied. It also provides probabilistic analyses of network behavior consistent with the simulation results. The protocols have been experimentally validated on a sensor network testbed comprising 25 Berkeley MICA sensor motes.
author="Q.Fang and F.Zhao and L.Guibas",
title="Lightweight Sensing and Communication Protocols for Target Enumeration and Aggregation",
booktitle="the 4th ACM International Symposium on Mobile Ad Hoc Networking & Computing (MobiHoc)",