D. Yang, J. Shin, A. Ercan and L. Guibas, Sensor Tasking for Occupancy Reasoning in a Camera Network, IEEE/ICST 1st Workshop on Broadband Advanced Sensor Networks (BASENETS 2004).
In this paper, we study how to task camera sensor nodes to reason about
the occupancy of the area around them. Occupancy information is valuable
because it can be used to answer many other queries such as determining
object tracks or the count of the number of people in an area. Camera
sensors are challenging to include in a wireless sensor network (WSN)
because they are high data rate devices. To save energy and to satisfy
the bandwidth constraint, our camera nodes will only send a very limited
amount of data and only a limited number of camera nodes will be tasked.
Our first result, from simulation, gives an upper bound on the number of cameras needed for a given accuracy in the occupancy. Given this number of cameras, we then compare several approaches to tasking the most relevant cameras both in simulation and in a real system of 16 camera nodes. Our incremental greedy tasking algorithm performed the best. Finally, we applied this tasking algorithm to a tracking application. We show that the tracker that used tasking outperformed the same tracker without tasking.
author = "Danny Yang and Jaewon Shin and Ali Ozer Ercan and Leonidas Guibas",
title = "Sensor Tasking for Occupancy Reasoning in a Camera Network",
booktitle = "Proceedings of IEEE/ICST 1st Workshop on Broadband Advanced Sensor Networks (BASENETS 2004)",
year = "2004"